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Bibliographic Information

Chapters from expert contributors are organized into three themed parts: science and technology policy formulation and implementation, outcomes, and evaluation, including recommendations for further development of technological learning in Iran. Dewey: Social policy. Industrial organization.

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APA: Soofi, A. Chicago: Soofi, Abdol S. AB - This book examines the policies, conducts, and performances of organizations tasked with developing medium and high technologies in Iran. Set language NL EN.

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The Development of Science and Technology in Iran : Policies and Learning Frameworks - ojysuharoweq.tk

This chapter examines the scientific achievements of scholars and researchers in Iran in terms of the number and growth of publication of research papers in the international English-language journals. The chapter covers the debates among Iranian experts on the reason for such a high position and explores the mismatch between advances in scientific output and the inadequate technological development in the country.

The chapter supports the view that while the education and science policies of Iran have been very successful, the rise in scientific achievements, however, has not led to technological learning in the industries. However, the national education system has been continually supplying well-trained human resources to industries in Iran and, through the brain drain, to the rest of the world.

About this book

This chapter will examine the technological, managerial, and economic achievements as well as challenges faced by the petroleum, natural gas, and petrochemical industries in Iran. The chapter argues that the significance of these industries in the Iranian economy, and the overall increase in the technological competency of the country have motivated the leaders of the industries to identify the challenges in the path of further development of the industries and develop a strategic path for their technological progress.

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Furthermore, the chapter suggests policies for the achievement of the key strategic goal of converting the practical-oriented industries to knowledge-based industries. This chapter examines four key segments of the electric power industry in Iran: generation, transportation, distribution and consumption. It reviews the method, development, and evolution of electric power generation in the country.

Specifically, the chapter reviews the structure of the electric industry, the main players, institutions, standards as well as laws, human resources, technology, the export and import markets, and engineering management of the industry in the country. Finally, the challenges facing the industry will be identified and policy suggestions to remedy the problems will be provided.

In spite of its rapid development toward modern rail systems like electric and magnetic trains in most of the European and Far Eastern countries, the technological performance of the rail industry in Iran has been lagging.

Science and Innovations in Iran: Development, Progress, and Challenges

In this chapter, authors will analyze the factors that contributed to the inadequate growth of railroad network, the reliance on obsolete technology, and the lack of innovation in the industry in the country. They will enumerate and examine technological and managerial challenges the state-owned railroad enterprise faces, and recommend policies to remedy the issues. Scientific and technological advances, socio-demographic changes, increasing demand for affordable new medicines, and global trade liberalization are shaping the pharmaceutical industry in Iran.

This chapter discusses the development of the computer game industry in Iran and concludes that overzealous government policies to counter Western cultural influences in the Islamic Republic have worked as a constraining force for the full development of the industry. The chapter reviews the history of the development of fuel-cell technology in Iran during three periods: The start of scattered fuel-cell development technological activities — ; the development of limited resources — ; and the emergence of technological challenges that were not perceived before — This chapter concludes that the National Plan for Development of Fuel Cell Technology may have failed to achieve its goals.

This chapter discusses the history of the acquisition of satellite communication technology for the development of the Internet banking system in the country, and details the technological capability building of a state-owned enterprise SOE under duress because of the imposition of economic sanctions by the USA. The chapter shows how by reverse engineering the SOE was able to develop the second largest network of satellite communication systems in the world after that of the USA.

The chapter presents the results of a recent study measuring the impact of the Western economic sanctions against Iran on the technological development of the country. Using the Delphi method, the author conducted three rounds of interviews of a group of experts so that he could identify the positive and detrimental effects of the sanction policies on the Iranian industrial-economic development.

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Based on these interviews, the author identified 13 positive and detrimental effects Western sanctions have had on Iranian technological development.