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Environmental Literacy: FAQs & Resources (Part 1)
Payment Methods accepted by seller. Bookseller: Anybook Ltd. Stock Image. Published by Routledge, Used Condition: Fair Soft cover. Save for Later. The huge growth of greenhouses in southern Spain, the rapid rise of shrimp farming in Asia and Latin America and the emergence of a giant, shadow puppet-shaped peninsula at the mouth of the Yellow River are among a string of curious and surprising changes seen from space.
They sit beside the more conventional, but no less dramatic images of rain forest deforestation in Paraguay and Brazil, rapid oil and gas development in Wyoming, forest fires across sub-Saharan Africa and the retreat of glaciers and ice in polar and mountain areas. The atlas, produced in collaboration with several organizations including the United States Geological Survey and the US National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA , highlights this theme showing the explosive growth and changes around some of the major cities of the world such as Beijing, Dhaka, Delhi and Santiago see below.
Also covered are developed world cities including Las Vegas, the fastest growing metropolitan area in the United States, and Miami. But they would be wrong. They export large amounts of wastes including household and industrial wastes, wastewater and the gases linked with global warming. It is hoped that the atlas and its images will concentrate the minds of mayors coming to San Francisco for the week-long WED celebrations. One example of how space technology and its application have proven important is that of the Casey Trees Endowment Fund in Washington, D.
It was set up in following a generous donation by philanthropist Betty Brown Casey.
The State of the Earth Atlas: Atlas of Environmental Concern (A Pluto project)
Mrs Casey was moved to action after seeing satellite images, published in , showing the dramatic loss of trees in the District since the s. In the area was well forested with the local villages and agricultural areas showing up as patches of light gray in a near continuous sea of green. The influx of hundreds of thousands of refugees has now led to widespread deforestation as trees are felled for fuel, construction materials and more crops. This is clearly seen in the latest satellite image from with the green colour in retreat and a grey landscape advancing in all directions.
The population growth around Lake Victoria, in East Africa, is the highest in Africa as a result of the natural resources found there such as fish. The phenomenon is shown in a series of images from the s to the present with the population rise charted as a rapid spreading area of red zones.
The infestation of Lake Victoria by the invasive, alien weed known as water hyacinth is also spotlighted in a satellite image of However, the recent introduction of natural insect predators appears to be paying off. The latest satellite image of the Ugandan section of the lake shows that it is almost totally hyacinth-free. Nairobi, Kenya, has undergone dramatic growth since Its population at independence in was , Nairobi is now home to well over 3 million, making it the largest African city between Johannesburg and Cairo.
The growth is clearly depicted in satellite images from and the present with the city sprawling to the new suburbs and slums north, east and west. War, pests and the salting-up of the region as a result of dams and the desiccation of the Mesopotamian marshlands have now taken a heavy toll. Satellite images indicate that more than 14 million trees, or 80 per cent of what were there in the s, have gone.
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The date trade from the Shatt al-Arab was once second only to oil. The livelihoods of millions of people dependent on dates for food and income are in ruin. This has spread 1,km down the OK Tedi and Fly rivers. Satellite images, taken in and last year, clearly show changes to the width of a nearby tributary, the OK Mani River, which has now become the primary recipient of the mud, sludge and other wastes.
It brings huge amounts of sediments, mainly mica, quartz and feldspar, from areas such as the plateaus of north-central China. A quite remarkable change in the mouth of the river is now seen from space when compared with an image from May Here a giant animal-like head has formed, stretching out into the BohaiSea, as a result of sedimentation from the interior. The drying up of Lake Balkash, Kazakhstan, is graphically illustrated from space. It also supports an important fishery. But excessive water use is causing the lake to dry up and it may disappear altogether unless the trend is reversed.
Environmental Impacts Of Mining
Seen from space, the area is now a series of curious green dots set against the desert background. It is a result of a method of high-tech irrigation known as centre-pivot-irrigation, which was introduced in the early s.
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The farms are tapping into ancient, up to 20, year-old, underground water supplies. Satellite images from to the present day reveal just how bad the situation in the Dead Sea has become. Both Israel and Jordan draw off water from rivers entering the sea and there have been extensive development of evaporation ponds for salt production. Other developments, including water impoundment projects and land reclamation schemes, are taking their toll.
As a result, it is estimated that water levels in the Dead Sea are dropping by about one metre a year. The images not only chronicle the huge expansion of evaporation ponds in the southern section of the Sea, but also the rapid exposure of arid land around the coastline. It will help coordinate and harmonize the work underway in various parts of the UN and in national agencies, academic institutions and other organizations and will serve a major role in moving the world towards the sustainable use of oceans for food security and human development.
More than topics are currently covered with 17 founding editors.
Further issues and several hundred designated topic editors will be added over time. NOAA Administrator Admiral Conrad Lautenbacher calls the Atlas "both a challenge and an opportunity to the ocean community" to integrate marine protection with the broader goals of sustainable development such as clean water, human health and reliable food supplies.
By consolidating and achieving a consensus around marine-related information from leading agencies and experts worldwide, the UN Atlas will form an important informational foundation for future national and international policy development, setting research priorities and for intergovernmental negotiations on ocean issues.
John Everett as Project Manager and provided support staff and funding. Project Director Dr. Serge Garcia, Director of the FAO Fisheries Resources Division, said the Atlas "enhances the world's ability to form partnerships, to share and pool information with all regions of the world, including the least developed ones, greatly benefiting all nations concerned about sustainable use of the oceans.
Low-lying regions of the world are frequently fertile, densely populated and invested with expensive infrastructure.source link
Environmental Literacy: FAQs & Resources (Part 1) | Atlas
In the US, 17, square kilometres of wetlands, and the same amount of dry land, could be lost - an area the size of Connecticut and New Jersey combined. In low-lying countries like the Maldives or the Marshall Islands, the entire population is at risk.
The Atlas contains an initial 14 global maps and links to hundreds of others, including maps showing the distribution of fishery resources. A further maps showing global ice cover, navigation routes, earthquake and volcanic activity, temperature gradients, bottom contours, salinity and other ocean characteristics are being contributed by the Russian Head Department of Navigation and Oceanography. The National Geographic Society will likewise make a major contribution to the Atlas, including access to its map machine and marine-related information from its extensive portfolio of books and magazines.
The Census of Marine Life, a global Washington-based organization working to assess and explain the diversity, distribution, and abundance of marine organisms, will also make its resources fully available through the Atlas. Said Dr.